Residual Income vs. Passive Income

Residual Income vs. Passive Income

Passive Income is not the same as Residual Income, so what is the difference?

When it comes to making money, there are two main types of income: residual and passive. Both have pros and cons, but which is right for you? This comprehensive guide will discuss the difference between residual and passive income and help you decide which one is best for you!

What is passive income?

Passive income is defined as regular earnings from a source that requires little to no ongoing work. This includes investments, like dividends from stocks or interest from savings accounts, but also more creative endeavors, like royalties earned from writing a book or renting out a room in your home.

Passive income can be necessary for financial security in retirement, but it’s also helpful for building wealth over time. That’s because it can provide a consistent stream of earnings that can help you grow your savings and reach your financial goals.

There are a few different types of passive income, including:

Rental income

Rental property a very popular form of passive income, such as a home or an apartment. Rental income can be a great source of passive income, but it’s important to remember that it comes with some risks. 

For instance, you’ll have to manage the property and find tenants, which might take a lot of time and work. It is a passive income because the property is an ongoing source of earnings, even if it requires some work to maintain.

Interest income

Investing in bonds or savings accounts will provide you with interest income. Although interest income can be a terrific way to increase your wealth gradually, it’s vital to keep in mind that it’s not always guaranteed. When interest rates fall, your interest income can go down, so it’s essential to consider this risk when deciding whether or not to invest.

Dividend income

Purchasing shares of stock in a company that pays dividends will provide additional income. Companies will adjust dividend payouts pursuant to its earnings.

How to Create Residual Income

There are several methods you can use to generate passive income. They include:

i. Investing in stocks or other types of securities. You can do this by either buying individual stocks or using a brokerage account. 

ii. Investing in real estate. This can be accomplished by purchasing real estate, like a rental property, and then leasing it to tenants.

iii. Operating a business, such as a franchise. A franchisee can buy a franchise to run on their own.

iv. Through royalties. This can be done by creating a product, such as a book or an app, and then licensing it out to others who can use it.

Creating passive income can be a great way to generate additional income. It can provide you with financial security and independence and help you achieve your financial goals. Passive income will supplement your regular income, providing extra funds to save or invest. 

How to calculate passive income

To calculate your passive income, determine your total revenue and expenses. Your total revenue is the amount of money you receive from all sources, including your investments, business earnings, and royalties. Your total expenses are the amount of money you spend on taxes, operating costs, and interest payments. 

Once you have determined your total revenue and expenses, you can calculate your passive income by subtracting your total expenses from your total revenue. This will give you your net passive income.

What is residual income?

Ongoing earnings from an activity that has already been completed is Residual income.

For example, if you create a piece of artwork and sell it for a one-time payment, you would not have a residual income from that sale. However, if you create a piece of artwork and sell it as part of a more extensive collection, you would continue to earn royalties every time that collection is sold.

There are several different types of residual income, but the most common are annuity payments and royalties.

Insurance companies typically make annuity payments to policyholders. When you make an initial investment in an annuity, the insurance company agrees to make regular payments to you over a set period. These payments can last for years or even decades and are usually based on a percentage of the original investment.

You receive royalties for allowing others to use your intellectual property, such as a patent or copyright. For example, if you write a book and sell the publishing rights to a publisher, you will continue to receive royalties every time that book is sold. The royalty payment amount is typically based on a percentage of the sales price.

Other kinds of residual incomes include:

Corporate finance: 

When a business chooses to reinvest its profits rather than giving out dividends to shareholders, management will issue dividends. The reinvested profits can then be utilized to fund new initiatives or grow the company.

Business ventures: 

Establishing a new business and realizing a profit that can be utilized to cover personal expenses or invested in the company.

Equity valuation: 

When an investor evaluates the value of their equity stake in a company residual income is created. This is done by analyzing the company’s financial statements and comparing them to similar companies in the same industry.

So, what does residual income mean?

To generate residual income, you need to have an investment that will continue to generate income after it has been paid for. This can be done through various assets, such as stocks, real estate, annuities, or business ventures.

How to create residual income

To create residual income, invest your time and money into creating a stream of income that will continue to pay you even after you’ve stopped working. 

There are a few different ways to do this, including:

i. Creating a product or service that can be sold on an ongoing basis. This could be anything from a membership site to an eBook or even a physical product that people can purchase.

ii. Investing your money into something that will generate revenue even when you’re not actively working is another way to create residual income. For example, you could invest in a rental property or a portfolio of stocks and bonds that pays you dividends even when you’re not actively working.

It is best to invest in multiple streams. This way, even if one stream dries up, others will continue to generate income.

iii. Creating a system that can be replicated. For example, create a course that people can purchase and resell this system. Or, create a software program that people can use to generate income.

The key is to find a way to generate a stream of income that doesn’t require your active involvement. The most important thing is to ensure you’re diversifying your income, so you’re not relying on just one stream.

How to calculate residual income

The most common method is to take your current income and subtract your expenses. This will give you your net profit for the month.

Next, calculate the time you spent working on generating that income.

Then multiply your net profit by your percentage of time spent working. This will give you your residual income for the month.

You can also use this method to calculate your annual residual income by multiplying your monthly residual income by 12.

Factors to determine whether to invest in passive or residual Income

Your goals and objectives:

What are you looking to achieve by investing? Passive income might be a better option if you’re looking to make some extra money. However, residual income could be better if you’re looking to build long-term wealth. 

Your investment timeframe:

How long are you willing to invest for? Passive income typically takes longer to generate than residual income, so passive income might not be the best option if you’re looking for immediate returns. 

Your risk tolerance:

How much risk are you willing to take? Passive income typically involves more risk than residual income, so passive income might not be the best option if you’re uncomfortable with taking risks.

Your liquidity needs:

How much cash do you need access to? Passive income typically requires more up-front investment than residual income, so if you need immediate cash flow, then passive income might not be the best option.

Key similarities between passive vs residual income

Both passive and residual income require investing your money in something that should generate income while you’re not actively working. This can include real estate, stocks, bonds, and other investments. The fundamental similarity here is that you’re not actively working to generate this income; it’s working while you are not.

Additionally, both forms are considered to be long-term. You are not going to see your investment results immediately; it may take months or even years before you start seeing a return on your investment.

There are, however, some critical differences between residual vs passive income that are important to understand.

How do you generate the income?

With passive income, you’re investing your money upfront and allowing it to generate income on its own. This can be done by buying and renting out a property, investing in stocks or bonds, and other similar activities. 

Residual income, on the other hand, work is completed upfront to generate the income. Then you continue to earn even after you’ve stopped working. This can be through royalties from books or songs, affiliate commissions from promoting products, and other forms of passive income.

How long does it take to see your investment results?

Passive income will take a shorter time to see a return on your investment. Passive income can generate money while you’re asleep! However, residual income takes a bit longer to start seeing results. This is because you’re doing work upfront to generate the revenue, and it takes time for that income to start coming in.

How much money can you make?

With passive income, there’s no limit to how much money you can make. You can invest as little or as much as you want, and if you’re investing in stocks or real estate, your profits are only limited by how much the market goes up. 

With residual income, however, your earnings are directly proportional to the work you put in. The more work you do, the more money you can make.

How stable is the income?

Passive income tends to be more durable than residual income because it’s not directly tied to the amount of work you do. If the market goes down, it will likely go down with it; if the market goes up, it will likely go up as well. 

Residual income, on the other hand, can be more volatile because it’s directly tied to the amount of work you do. If you stop working, your residual income will also likely stop coming in.

The tax implications

Passive income is typically taxed at a lower rate than earned income because you’re not actively working to generate it. This means that if you have a job and also earn passive income, your overall tax burden will be lower than if you just had a job. 

On the other hand, residual income is often taxed at the same rate as earned income. Your overall tax burden will be higher if you have a job and earn residual income.

The risk involved

With passive income, the risks are typically limited to your initial investment. If you invest in something like stocks or real estate and the market goes down, you may lose some or all of your initial investment; but if the market goes up, your profits are unlimited. 

With residual income, on the other hand, the risks can be much higher because you’re often doing work to generate the income, and if that work doesn’t pay off, you can lose a lot of money.

The time commitment

Passive income requires very little (if any) time commitment because you’re not actively working to generate it. This means you can earn passive income even if you have a full-time job. 

Residual income, on the other hand, often requires a significant time commitment because you’re doing work to generate the income, which usually takes a lot of time.

The level of effort required

Passive income can be earned with minimal effort on your part because you’re not actively working to generate it. This means you can earn passive income even if you’re not particularly good at anything.

Residual income, on the other hand, often requires significant effort because you’re doing work to generate the income, which usually involves a lot of skill.

The potential for rewards

With passive income, the potential rewards are typically limited to your initial investment. If you invest in something like stocks or real estate and the market goes up, you may make a profit; but if the market goes down, you could lose money. 

On the other hand, the potential rewards are much higher with residual income because you’re often doing work to generate the income, and that work can lead to raises, promotions, and other forms of success.

The level of financial security

Passive income is typically more secure than residual income because it’s not directly tied to the amount of work you do. If the market goes down, your passive income will likely go down with it; but if it goes up, your passive income will also increase. 

Residual income, on the other hand, can be more volatile because it’s directly tied to the amount of work you do. If you stop working, your residual income will also likely stop coming in.

The opportunity cost

Passive income typically has a lower opportunity cost than residual income because you’re not actively working to generate it. This means you can earn passive income even if you have a job. Residual income, on the other hand, often requires you to give up your job to generate it.

The lifestyle implications

Passive income typically allows for a more relaxed lifestyle because you’re not actively working to generate it. This means you can enjoy your leisure time without worrying about how much money you make. 

Residual income, on the other hand, can often be more demanding because you’re doing work to generate the income, which can often take away from your leisure time.

So, which is better? Passive income or residual income?

The answer to this question depends on your individual circumstances. If you’re looking for a way to make extra money and don’t mind doing a bit of work upfront, passive income could be a good option. However, residual income might be a better choice if you’re looking for a way to make a lot of money and you’re okay with putting in the work required to generate that income.

You can also mix and incorporate the two to generate residual passive income, giving you the best of both worlds. It all depends on your individual circumstances.

It’s important to remember that there’s no right or wrong answer here. It all depends on your individual goals and circumstances. So, if you’re thinking about earning some extra income, be sure to consider all of your options before making a decision.


In conclusion, the main difference between passive and residual income is that passive income is generated without having to put in any busy work. In contrast, residual income requires some level of ongoing effort. Both can be useful in different ways, depending on your circumstances as to which one will be more beneficial for you. Whatever you choose, just make sure you’re aware of the difference to make the best decision for your situation.

Where to Put Money When You’re Between Real Estate Deals

Where to Put Money When You’re Between Real Estate Deals

By Adam Doran

As a successful real estate investor, one of the good problems you’ll encounter is figuring out what to do with the extra money that accumulates in your bank account over time.  In my early years as a real estate investor, I remember the first time I saw five digits in my business account—”Forty thousand dollars!  WOW!!!….Now what?”

Where do you put that kind of money?  Into another deal, of course.  But what if you have to wait a while for that next deal to come along?

I didn’t want all that money just sitting in the business bank account.  I wanted it to be productive.  I also didn’t want to put it in the market and risk taking a loss on my capital, because as surely as the account would be down 20%, that’s when the next deal would come knocking.

I went searching for the best type of account I could find to warehouse capital while in between deals.  

If I were going to design the perfect vehicle to save and protect cash, I’d want it to have the following attributes:

A number of savings vehicles are strong on some of these, but weak on others.  What I learned through my own research, though, is that a properly structured whole life insurance policy through a mutual insurance company offers all of them.

Control and Liquidity

With traditional retirement accounts, like IRAs and 401(k)s, you can’t touch the money in those accounts until age 59 ½, with few exceptions, unless you’re willing to pay penalties and taxes. You also don’t own the account. You’re a beneficiary of a government-sponsored plan, which means they can change the rules and there’s nothing you can do about it. They don’t meet the criteria for control and liquidity.

With a whole life policy, access to capital is as simple as requesting a policy loan.  With most carriers, this just requires a phone call or a simple loan request form. No red tape, penalties, or taxes. With policy loans, just as with a bank savings account, you decide when to put the money back.  You can start paying yourself back monthly, make no payments for a few years then put all the money back at once, or a little of both.

Productive and Predictable

With a whole life policy, you can purchase a secure wealth position for the future. When your policy is issued, you are contractually guaranteed a minimum cash value and death benefit, and every year the cash value amount goes up.  It’s not correlated to the stock market, so there are no wild swings in value.

Many policies have an option to include a “waiver of premium” rider, which will pay the policy’s premiums for you if you become disabled.  This essentially gives you a self-funded capital account in the event you’re too sick or hurt to go to work.

The solvency record of privately held mutual insurance firms is nearly unblemished. Compare that to banks.

Number of banks that failed in 2008: 25.  

Number of mutual life insurance companies that failed in 2008: 0. 

Life insurance companies are required by law to guarantee their ability to pay obligations to policyholders, and they are closely monitored by state regulators.  This emphasis on actual cash reserves gives you confidence your money is secure.


When the policy is structured correctly and you deploy your capital through policy loans rather than withdraws, the entire asset remains tax-free.  It functions similar to a Roth retirement account, but without any of the contribution limits, withdraw restrictions, income requirements, or other restrictive rules.


Your bank might pay you a fraction of 1% annual interest on your account balance, which has you falling behind inflation, plus interest income is generally taxable. Your whole life insurance policy will pay a guaranteed minimum interest rate plus a non-guaranteed annual dividend, which both credit into the policy tax-free.  

Furthermore, the amount that is credited to your cash value increases every year, even though your premiums remain level, meaning the value of your deposits increases every year.  If you use your annual dividends to purchase additional paid-up life insurance, your increasing death benefit adds another offset to inflation.

Privacy and Protection

We live in a litigious society. Money in your bank accounts can be seized as a result of a creditor’s judgment or civil lawsuit. Your whole life insurance policy, however, and the cash value within, are private and protected from lawsuits in most states. (Consult an attorney to find out if this applies to you.) This protects your savings today and your financial legacy for future generations.

Besides the benefits of whole life insurance as a capital strategy for real estate investing, there are many other ways to use this tool. Here are a few more uses for your cash value by leveraging policy loans:

  • Private lending
  • Funding the startup of a new business
  • Covering major car repairs
  • Home improvements
  • Paying off debt (buy out your creditors and “become the bank”)
  • Tax-free supplemental retirement income

Using policy loans instead of cash from a savings account or a loan from a creditor offers far more control and flexibility, plus your savings never stops growing.

When you withdraw from a savings account, you lower the balance, and the corresponding interest you earn. With a whole life policy, you don’t actually withdraw cash from the policy. You take a loan from the insurance company against the policy’s cash value. You still receive all your scheduled interest and dividends, even while your loan is outstanding. You never interrupt the compounding cycle.

With a bank loan, failure to pay results in damaged credit and a possible judgment or asset seizure that could affect your heirs. If you don’t pay back a policy loan, there’s no damage to your credit while you’re alive, and your heirs still get a death benefit, just minus the amount of the loan and interest, as long as you kept your premiums current.

To be clear, utilizing life insurance as discussed in this article is not an investment strategy, where you risk money for high returns. This is a capital strategy, with very conservative interest earned within the policy. We’re talking about secure savings, long-term growth of capital, and protecting your capital stash with privacy.  A properly designed whole life policy is a smart choice for some real estate investors.

Did you get value from this? Do you have questions? You can email me: and I will personally respond. It’s my mission to help real estate investors master their money and enjoy life more.

Using your Discretionary Income to Build Wealth

Using your Discretionary Income to Build Wealth

Many people view discretionary income as having fun and enjoying life. This income is that extra money left after all your expenses are paid. It can be a great tool for building wealth if used correctly. Here are some tips on using this money to improve your financial situation.

1. Start by Creating a Budget

NO FUN!! I know but creating a budget will help you to see where your money is going and where you need to cut back. By understanding your income and expenses, you can figure out how much extra money you have each month and most importantly, where you can invest and make your money. As discussed in the 1926 novel ‘Richest Man in Babylon’ George Clayson states the 2nd Rule is to “Control Thy Expenditures.”

2. Stocks, Mutual Funds or Real Estate

When you invest in stocks, you essentially buy a company ownership stake. Over time, as the company grows and becomes more profitable, the value of your shares is likely to increase. That can provide you with a significant source of income, which you can then reinvest in other stocks or use to purchase other assets. Similarly, when you invest in mutual funds, you are pooling your money with other investors and investing in a diversified portfolio of assets. That can help mitigate the risk of any one investment performing poorly and provides the potential for significant returns over time. Therefore, using your extra money in stock or mutual fund investment is an excellent way to build wealth.

Another vehicle is Real Estate. Purchasing investment real estate provides cash flow every month or quarter, offers appreciation, and has numerous tax advantages. **SPOILER ALERT** This is my favorite investment vehicle. Many, if not most real estate investors start by purchasing a single family residence then graduate into multiple houses. Some will eventually graduate into apartments or (multifamily).

3. Saving for Retirement

For most people, the biggest financial goal is to retire comfortably. But with the costs of living rising and pensions becoming less generous, fewer, and fewer people can achieve this goal. One of the best ways to ensure a comfortable retirement is to start saving early and often. You can do so through various methods, including 401(k)s, IRAs, and annuities. The key is to start saving as early as possible so that you can benefit from compound interest. You can watch your savings grow over time by using that extra cent to make regular contributions to a retirement fund.

Additionally, many employer-sponsored retirement plans offer matching contributions, which can help you boost your savings even more. Be sure to consider how much you’ll need to save to retire based on your desired lifestyle comfortably. With a little planning and discipline, you can ensure you have the resources you need to enjoy a comfortable retirement.

Another Rule in Richest Man in Babylon is: “Start thy purse to Fattening.” The suggestion by the main character is to save 10% of your earnings before paying any other bills…

4. Investing in Real Estate

For many people, building generational wealth is a far-off dream. But it doesn’t have to be. Generational wealth is built by investing in assets that appreciate over time. Real estate is the best way to build generational wealth for many people. It is a solid investment that can appreciate over time, providing you with a nest egg that you can pass on to your children and grandchildren. It can be a more stable investment than stocks and mutual funds and provide a steady income stream. And with the current housing market, now is a great time to invest in real estate. Of course, there are risks involved in any investment, but if you do your homework and choose wisely, investing in real estate can be a great way to build your wealth.

5. Paying Down Debt

If you want to use your discretionary money to build wealth, one of the smartest things you can do is use it to pay down debt. High-interest debt, like credit card debt, can quickly eat into your savings and make it difficult to keep up with your financial goals. Using your extra cash to pay down debt, you can save on interest payments and reduce the overall debt you owe. Paying off debts can also help improve your credit score and give you more financial flexibility. In addition, paying off your credit card debt will free up more of your monthly cash flow, which you can use to save for other financial goals. So, if you’re looking for a way to build wealth, using the extra dollars to pay down debt is a smart place to start.

6. Invest in Yourself

Another excellent way to use the extra money is to invest in yourself. That means taking the time to learn about personal finance, investing, and other wealth-building strategies. It also means committing to building your financial future. After all, who will if you don’t believe in your ability to generate wealth? You can make yourself a more attractive investment prospect by taking courses, attending seminars, and reading books on investing and finance. And the more rich knowledge you have, the better equipped you’ll be to make sound financial decisions that will grow your wealth. When you invest in yourself, you’re not just making a one-time purchase; you’re deciding to become wealthy. So, to become rich, you must invest in yourself.

7. Put It into Savings

It’s no secret that the key to building wealth is saving money. However, setting aside a certain amount of money each month is not enough. To build generational wealth, you need to be strategic about how you save your money. One of the best ways to do this is to use your discretionary income to build up a savings account. By putting it into savings, you can grow your nest egg while still having enough money to enjoy your life. In addition, using your extra cents to build wealth is a great way to teach your children the importance of saving for the future. Teaching them the value of delayed gratification can set them up for a lifetime of financial success.


When using your discretionary income to build wealth, it’s important to remember that not all forms of wealth are created equal. For example, paper assets like stocks and bonds can be highly volatile, whereas investing in real estate or precious metals tends to be more stable. It’s important to think carefully about where to put your money and what kinds of returns you’re looking for. It’s also worth noting that this takes time, so don’t expect to see overnight results.

REIT vs syndication: What is the Difference between the Two?

REIT vs syndication: What is the Difference between the Two?

As you continue exploring different avenues for real estate investing, it’s a good idea to understand what the differences between REITs and syndications are and at what stage in your investment career you may benefit from each. 

Finding an excellent one can be challenging with so many different opportunities in today’s market. I hope to provide you the information you need to know about REITs and syndications to determine which is best for your portfolio and risk tolerance. 

What Are Real Estate Investment Trusts?

Real estate investment trusts are a type of company that sells securities specializing in real estate ventures. Unlike other investments, REITs are structured as trusts, not corporations or partnerships. As such, they have specific tax implications that make them ideal for meeting the needs of both investors and developers. A REIT is an entity designed to own and operate real estate properties on behalf of investors. They can be set up as trusts or corporations. Investors buy shares in a REIT instead of directly investing in properties or real estate projects.

What are the Pros of Investing in Real Estate Investing Trust

This is a classification of the investment which specifies who and how the management can broadly advertise the offering. 506 is an SEC rule which identifies how a security offering can be advertised to the public. 

 1. Liquidity. Most REITs are listed on equity exchanges, meaning they are highly liquid and easy to trade. This allows investors to efficiently sell their shares anytime, enabling them to access their cash when they want to.

2. Diversification. As a real estate investment trust owns various properties, a single stake in a REIT can provide a good source of diversification. This means that if one of the properties owned by a REIT encounters problems, it is unlikely that it will cause the entire investment to fail. 

 3. Professional management. REITs are run by professional management teams with experience in real estate. This means that the REIT owners don’t need to worry about the day-to-day management of their properties.

4. Tax benefits. REITs are structured as trusts for tax purposes. This means that investors receive significant tax breaks on their earnings.

5. Reduced risk. Investing in real estate is risky. However, by investing in a single REIT, investors can spread out the risk and reduce the chances of their entire investment failing due to a single project experiencing problems.

 Cons of Investing in Real Estate Investment Trust.

1. Limited diversification. REITs typically have a small number of properties. As a result, they don’t provide the same level of diversification as other investment types that have a more significant number of assets. 

2. Lack of control. As an investor, you have no authority over the properties owned by a REIT. You can’t decide which properties the REIT should buy or which ones it should sell. You also don’t have any say in how the REIT is managed and can’t influence its strategic direction or critical decisions. 

3. High management fees. Many REITs charge high management fees and generate a lot of cash. This means that investors are likely to see their earnings reduced by these fees. 

4. Tax disadvantages. While REITs provide significant tax breaks for investors, they also generate a large amount of taxable income. As a result, they are not a good choice for investors in high tax brackets.

What is a Real Estate Syndication?

A real estate syndication is a joint investment structured as either a limited partnership or a corporation. Syndications are typically used to purchase large, income-producing properties that require funding from a group of investors. It is a long-term investment strategy that can last from several months to many years, depending on the project. Investing in syndication is similar to buying a share of stock in a company. The syndication manager acts as the general partner, and the syndication is considered a limited partnership. The limited partners are the investors who purchase a percentage of the syndication.

In many cases, the syndication manager will charge an up-front fee on the partnership’s assets. The various forms of syndication in real estate include limited liability companies, full or limited partnerships, and corporations. Syndicated real estate is the best investment for beginners.

Pros of Investing in Syndications

1. Access to unlisted properties. Syndications are often done with unlisted properties. This means these properties aren’t available on public real estate websites because they aren’t officially for sale. This means they aren’t available to most investors, but syndications allow syndication partners to buy these properties directly. 

2. Access to a broader range of property types. Because you aren’t limited to a specific property, you can access a more comprehensive content of property types. You could be a part of residential development, commercial properties, hotels, and vacation properties.

 3. Better returns on your investments. Because syndications are often done with high-end properties that have higher rates of return, you have the potential to make more money with these investments.

4. Syndications are mutual partnerships. In syndication, multiple investors come together to purchase real estate. This means that each person is responsible for a share of the property and profits or losses from that investment.

5. Access to Management. Because a syndication is tied to a single asset, the operator is usually accessible by email or even phone. 

Cons of Investing in Syndication

1. Risk of over-investing. Real estate is a cyclical industry. This means there are times when things are going well and times when they are not. If you are over-invested in a single type of property, like residential properties, you could have many losses if the market goes downhill. 

2. Risk of fraud. Syndications are often done with people you don’t know, usually in other parts of the world. This means there is a higher risk of fraud, and the syndication partners are more challenging to track down if something goes wrong.

3. Longer timelines. Real estate is a long-term investment, and syndications often have very long timelines. This means you won’t get your money back quickly, and you may have to wait years to see your profits. 

4. Additional risk of investing in unlisted properties. Unlike listed properties, unlisted properties aren’t verified and could have unknown issues. This means that you could be investing in a property with unknown problems that could result in a loss for you.

REIT vs Syndication

1. Differences in Timing and Risk

One significant difference between syndications and REITs is the time necessary to complete the investment. While syndications can take months or years to complete depending on the type of project, REIT acquisitions generally take place quickly. REITs are typically smaller investments, so they are often easier to close on a shorter timeline than larger syndications.

2. Differences in Investment Size

With syndication, each partner makes an individual decision about how much money to invest in the syndication. With REIT, you invest a predetermined amount of money regardless of the company’s size. The amount that you invest in either syndication or REIT will vary depending on the type of project and the amount of money needed to complete the project. For example, if you invest in a commercial real estate project, you will need an enormous investment than you would if you were to invest in a residential real estate project. The various forms of syndication vary significantly from those of REITs.

REITs vs Real Estate Funds: An Overview

A REIT fund is a trust that invests directly in income-producing real estate. A real estate fund is a type of mutual fund that primarily focuses on investing in securities offered by public real estate companies.


REIT, which is not a form of syndication, is a good choice for investors looking for exposure to real estate without the need to buy and operate properties directly. However, they are not the right choice for everyone. To maximize the advantages and reduce the drawbacks of investing in REITs, carefully select the best REITs. Real estate syndication is a scalable investment strategy that lets you partner with multiple investors to fund a single property. There are some critical differences between REITs and syndications that potential investors need to know before deciding which strategy is right for them. On the whole, syndications are riskier than REITs because they involve an equity investment, while REITs are less risky because they are equity-free investments.

Investing in a Real Estate Syndication: What to Expect?

Investing in a Real Estate Syndication: What to Expect?

1. First, determine if Real Estate is the right investment vehicle for you.

There are several options to place your capital with varying degrees of risk. And there are several options to invest within the Real Estate sector. Real estate syndication has numerous benefits and is a great passive investment vehicle to add to your portfolio. 

2. A normal syndication will have a minimum investment amount of $50,000.

This can be a daunting amount; especially, if the most you have ever wired is $50,000 for a down payment on your own house. This is a large amount; but, if you have money in a savings account, it is being swallowed up by inflation as we speak. Even the equity in your home could be earning higher interest in other opportunities as well. Properly invested, $50,000 should yield annual cash flow as well as tax benefits and equity appreciation.

3. Can you invest? Is it a 506(b) or 506(c) offering?

This is a classification of the investment which specifies who and how the management can broadly advertise the offering. 506 is an SEC rule which identifies how a security offering can be advertised to the public. 

  • Accredited: Individual with gross income exceeding $200,000 in each of the 2 most recent years or joint income with a spouse or partner exceeding $300,000 for those years and a reasonable expectation of the same income level in the current year. 
  • A person whose individual net worth or joint net worth with that person’s spouse or partner exceeds $1,000,000 excluding the person’s primary residence. 
  • Rule 506(c) allows issuers to broadly solicit and generally advertise an offering provided that all purchasers in the offering are accredited investors. The issuer takes reasonable steps to verify purchasers’ accredited investor status and certain other conditions in Regulation D are satisfied.  
  • 506(b) allows a startup to raise an unlimited amount of money from an unlimited number of accredited investors and up to 35 non accredited investors.

4. Review and sign the PPM (Private Placement Memorandum).

The PPM is the legal document that serves as a disclosure to prospective investors. Key factors outlined in the PPM will be: notices to investors, executive summary, company purpose, terms of the offering, risk factors, use of proceeds, financial information and management. The memorandum is a legally binding document and must adhere to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) laws.

5. Wire Funds

At this point, the escrow account has become funded, and closing is nearing. Your syndicator sponsor should provide details as the date nears and especially as the project funds and closes. You should expect an announcement at that time. 

6. Updates and next investments

  • At this juncture, the management team should be providing you with consistent updates as agreed to prior to the investment. This can be monthly or quarterly. Some investing partners will provide a monthly newsletter with pictures of the project progress and others will keep communications quarterly. Either way, communication should be expected. If you need anything, you should have access to this team for questions any time.
  • Good investments are not available every day. Luck favors the prepared and while you may not have capital to deploy right this second, it is a good idea to consistently be reviewing offers and markets to find managers that have deals that match your criteria. This way when you have the capital ready, your criteria is narrowed and you can quickly identify where your capital is best placed.